– American Jewish Yearbook (Canada, 1966)

Canada / 279

“Another disturbing incident was the public reappearance of Adrien Arcand, a notorious fascist and antisemitic agitator and founder of the National Unity party in Quebec in 1935, who was interned in 1940 for five years under the War Measures Act (AJYB, 1940-41 [Vol. 42], p. 327).  Among his followers before 1939 were the Casques d’Acier  (Steel Helmets), a force of helmeted, jack-booted, uniformed toughs.  He had lived in comparative seclusion in a small Quebec village since 1945.  In May 1965, at the age of 66, he was reported to be advocating the formation of a party which he described as “federalist, Christian, corporatist, monarchist and pro-Western.”  In September he called a press conference to mark the publication of his new book A Bas la haine (“Down with Hate”), in which he charged that “the only real spreaders of hate are the Jews, because the moment you say one word against them, they brand you as an antisemite.”  In November he spoke in Montreal at a banquet arranged by his followers on the 25th anniversary of his internment.  The hall, decorated with fascist flags and emblems, was filled by 750 persons who paid $3.50 per ticket.  Among them were a delegation from Toronto and five representatives each of Polish, German, Italian, Czech, Hungarian, and Baltic ethnic groups in Montreal.  Arcand was given a standing ovation.  In a rambling 90-minute address he charged that Jews controlled the press and were responsible for his internment, for adversely influencing election candidates, for misleading Gallup polls and computers, and for controlling big business and Communism.”